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How To Make Your Normal Network Cable A Crossover!


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#1 BadboyKAS

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Posted 04 December 2002 - 11:58 AM

Here is my new faq I am writing tommrow I will finish it up but just to let you guys get the jist of it. If one of the xbox-scene administrators come on pleas let me know how I can have my FAQ added to the xbox-scene website on the tutorials section. Thanks

FAQ: How to modify a RJ-45 Category 5 Straight-through cable into a RJ-45 Category 5 Cross-over cable.
Author: BadboyKAS

Needed tools: A wire stripper/means of stripping the wires.
Electrical Tape
An Exacto knife or a Normal knife

Step 1: Identify and make sure you have an RJ-45 Category 5 Straight-through cable for best results. Also I make sure to use the RJ-45 Category 5 Straight-through for the fact that maximum network potential can be recieved. On the cable it usually says RJ-45 and or Cat 5 on the RJ-45 Category 5 Straight-through cable.

Note: Inside a Category 5 cable are eight thin, color-coded wires inside
that run from one end of the cable to the other. All eight wires are used. In a straight-through cable, wires 1, 2, 3, and 6 at one end of the cable are also wires 1, 2, 3, and 6 at the other end. In a crossover cable, the order of the wires change from one end to the
other: wire 1 becomes 3, and 2 becomes 6.

Step 2: To determine which wire is wire number 1, hold the cable
so that the end of the plastic RJ-45 tip (the part that goes
into a wall jack first) is facing away from you. Face the
clip down so that the copper side faces up (the clip
will now be parallel to the floor). When looking down on
the copper side, wire 1 will be on the far left.

Example:


Step 3: Once you have determined if your network cable is the right one to use, you can start modifying it. Start by making an incision with the Exacto knife about 4 inches away from the connector, you want to remove the outside layer of the RJ-45 Category 5 Straight-through cable about 1 inch. You have to cut the outside layer in a way that you can have access to the 8 color coded wires inside.

Step 4: Cut wires that connect to pins 1, 2, 3 and 6, in other words the white wire with an orange stripe, solid orange wire, white wire with a green stripe and solid green wire about ½ inch down so that middle is cut. The wires are colored white wire with an orange stripe (connects to pin 1), solid orange wire (connects to pin 2), white wire with a green stripe (connects to pin 3) and solid green wire (connects to pin 6). Make sure not to cut the other wires.

Note: Your network cable may not follow the same color pattern, if it does not make sure to identify the wires by which wire connects to each pin. Another way of finding the color pattern is to get off the little encasement over the RJ-45 Category 5 Straight-through cable tip and look directly on the connector and follow the pins to a wire. You should normally be able to do this, some RJ-45 Category 5 Straight-through cables do not carry the encasement so just go ahead and check out the connector.

Step 5: Once you have cut the wires, using a wire stripper strip the wire ends you cut to about ¼ of an inch down. Make sure the wire is stripped big enough for you to twist 2 wire ends together.

Step 6:

Definitions
RJ-45 - A connector similar to a telephone connector that holds up to eight
wires, used for connecting Ethernet devices. Also known as a network cable.

CAT 5 - ANSI/EIA (American National Standards Institute/Electronic
Industries Association) Standard 568 is one of several standards that specify
“categories” (the singular is commonly referred to as “CAT”) of twisted pair
cabling systems (wires, junctions, and connectors) in terms of the data rates
that they can sustain. CAT 5 cable has a maximum throughput of 100 Mbps and
is usually utilized for 100BaseTX networks.












#2 slimgrip

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Posted 18 February 2004 - 10:04 AM

can a standard xbox link cable be use to ftp between PC & Xbox???

#3 MrBones

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Posted 25 February 2004 - 01:37 AM

^That's what this walkthrough will eventually get to...a crossover wire, or patch cable, which is exactly what an XBOX link cable is. It's the same thing used to connect two PCs. The reason you would do this is because many stores carry network cables, but not many carry long lengths of crossover cables.

#4 Michael_antoi

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Posted 29 February 2004 - 08:43 AM

Hey step 6 is missing could someone please help me?
I did everything until i realised step 6 was missing.

#5 bab4

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Posted 02 April 2004 - 12:31 PM

hey BadboyKas are you going to finish your instructions need to know where the wires go after cutting them
thanks unsure.gif

#6 Chuq

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Posted 14 April 2004 - 04:18 AM

Wouldn't it be a hell of a lot cheaper to just re-crimp the end of the cable? All it takes is a A$30 tool (which you can borrow if you don't want to buy) and a A$0.30 connector. Certainly end up with a more reliable cable too!

BTW.. first post!


#7 duggal

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Posted 22 May 2004 - 06:46 PM

Quick and dirty:


Straight Through (for use with hub/router):
--------------------------------------------------
Step 1: Cut off approx 1" of cable cover
Step 2: Untwist pairs
Step 3: Line up wires as below and cut .5" off (or leave only 1cm of wires)
Step 4: Push into male CAT5 connector (jack)
Step 5: Do the same for the other end (Steps 1-4)

1. White / Orange
2. Orange
3. White / Green
4. Blue
5. White / Blue
6. Green
7. White / Brown
8. Brown

Cross-over (for use with PC to PC or PC to Xbox or Xbox to Xbox):
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
(#s 1 & 3 and 2 & 6 are crossed)
Step 6: Cut off approx 1" of cable cover
Step 7: Untwist pairs
Step 8: Line up wires as below and cut .5" off (or leave only 1cm of wires)
Step 9: Push into male CAT5 connector (jack)
Step 10: Use Straight through chart for other end of cable (Steps 1-4)

1. White / Green
2. Green
3. White / Orange
4. Blue
5. White / Blue
6. Orange
7. White / Brown
8. Brown



#8 feet14

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Posted 20 July 2004 - 03:43 PM

If you don't want to rewire your cable, you can buy a crossover converter which plug into one end (doesn't matter which end) of a normal cable. In the UK you can get one from Kustom PC's


#9 anti-hu

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Posted 21 July 2004 - 03:37 AM

mom and pop shops sell converters for around 4 dollars.

i would not reccomend altering the cable unless you had a crimper to attach the connectors. its easier just to have a long straight cable for when you want to connect to a router and then just a 3 foot patch and converter when you want to do computer to computer or computer to xbox.

#10 cromat44

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Posted 21 July 2004 - 07:17 AM

i've got a better tutorial....

1) go to a good priced store such as frys...
2) pay a small amount of money for a crossover cable....

i got a 100ft cat-5 crossover for $7.99 on sale... yummy

#11 FABZ

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Posted 17 August 2004 - 01:41 AM

frickin genius, just go and pay the 10 bucks or whatever for a damn cable in a damn shop.

dont mess around connecting cables and acting all important and technical, just buy one.

#12 ZQUHM

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Posted 17 August 2004 - 02:19 AM

QUOTE (cromat44 @ Jul 21 2004, 08:20 AM)
i've got a better tutorial....

1) go to a good priced store such as frys...
2) pay a small amount of money for a crossover cable....

i got a 100ft cat-5 crossover for $7.99 on sale... yummy

just a side comment: a 100 ft. cable could actually be slower than a 50 ft. cable due to degenerating signal strength - the recommended maximum length of a cable in a network is 50ft. plus it is recommended to have a "repeater" to boost the signal if you wanna go longer than 50 ft.

basically:
==========================[]============================
----------------->50ft.------------------> repeater--------------------->50ft.---------------->


anyways, i'm getting off topic. this i learned from my networking class. so i thought i'd just share it.

o btw, this is not meant to flame, just fyi for everybody else. thx




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