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Tutorial For Upgrading Xbox 360 From 20gb To 120gb Using The Western D


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#1 hobartrus

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Posted 31 August 2008 - 01:12 AM

This tutorial is my way of giving back to this community for providing all of the information I needed to upgrade my drive. I did the upgrade a few nights ago, going back and forth through various threads, using trial and error, etc. Since I couldn't find a comprehensive step-by-step walkthrough, I decided to go ahead and write one to help out those who may want to do this.

I want to specifically thank roofus and anger, the guys who made Xplorer360, as well as TheSpecialist, the guy who made HDDHackr and also hacked Xplorer360 to play nice with the WD BEVS drive... I also want to thank him for taking the time to explain how to work with these tools, and I also want to thank folks in this thread for documenting what worked and didn't work for them. Most of the steps in this tutorial were gleaned directly from posts in that thread.

This tutorial may be reposted and distributed elsewhere as long as it is not modified and credit is given to the afore-mentioned folks (roofus, anger, TheSpecialist, and those from that thread.)

In this tutorial I will list the exact steps that I followed that led to success. Some of the steps may not be necessary and some may be redundant, but I wanted to be sure to document everything.

Also, this tutorial focuses pretty much just on the software needed and the steps required to make it work. I'm going to assume that you already know how to physically replace the hard drive. If you don't, there are plenty of other tutorials available (such as this one) that will show you how to do it.

Additionally, these steps were written with Windows XP in mind. If you are using a different OS (such as Vista) these steps may not work for you (but they should give you a pretty good idea what to do.)

And finally, the obligatory disclaimer: you do this at your own risk! If you end up destroying your 360 hard drive, your shiny new 120GB WD BEVS drive, or your PC I cannot be held responsible, even if you follow these steps to the letter.

Ok, let's get this thing started!
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What you'll need:
hardware:
  • A PC (duh) with a SATA controller. If your PC is antiquated like mine you'll need an add-on card (I used this one it comes with all the cables you'll need and it's natively recognized by HDDHackr, though be warned it apparently has compatibility issues with some motherboards.)
  • A Western Digital Scorpio WD1200BEVS 120 GB SATA hard drive
  • A Floppy boot disk (go here for disk images, I used a Windows 98SE OEM boot disk. You could probably also use a bootable flash drive or a zip disk or something as long as the media is writable under DOS)
  • A Xbox 360 w/ a 20GB hard drive (duh)

software:
  • HDDHackr
  • Xplorer360 Beta 6
  • Xplorer360 'extreme build 2' (you may be able to just use this hacked version and not need the Beta 6 version at all... you may also be able to skip some of the steps in this tutorial thanks to this version, which I will note.)
  • Winhex (needed for verification purposes)
  • Hex Workshop (needed unless you have a registered version of Winhex.)
  • A hddss.bin dumped from a retail 360 120GB hdd (I'm not linking to one because they contain copyrighted code. You're smart, I'm sure you can find some way to get ahold of one.)

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The Steps:
  1. Copy HDDHackr.com and the hddss.bin file to your bootable floppy disk.
  2. Turn off your PC, connect the WD BEVS drive, and boot the PC up on the floppy (I also disconnected my PC's hard drive just to be safe.)
  3. At the command prompt type "hddhackr -f" and hit enter. Follow through the prompts and be sure to create an undo file when asked.
  4. When it's finished, reboot on the floppy again. Run "hddhackr -f" again and it will tell you if the drive will be compatible with your 360 or not.
  5. Turn off your PC, disconnect the WD BEVS, and disconnect your 20GB drive from your 360. Disassemble the casing, and remove the 20GB drive. Hook the WB BEVS up to the connector and plug it into the 360. You're going to have to unhook the drive and pull it out again so I'd recommend not completely reassembling the casing... I just put one screw in to hold the drive in.
  6. Turn on your 360, goto the system blade, "console settings", and "system info." Jot down the serial number, you'll need it in the next step.
  7. Go back to the system blade, goto "memory" and you should have the option to format the drive. It will ask for the serial number, type it in and send it flying. (if it says "no device detected" something is wrong. Check the connections.)
  8. While it's formatting go ahead and hook the 20GB hard drive up to your PC. Boot up into Windows, create a folder on your desktop called "xbox" and run Xplorer360 Beta 6 (you may also be able to use the "extreme build 2" version.)
  9. Within Xplorer360 click "Drive" then "Open" then "Hard Drive or Mem Card". It should take a few seconds and then pop up some partitions in the left hand window. (If it doesn't detect the drive, check the connections and also make sure that your SATA controller driver is properly installed.)
  10. Click on Partition 03, select all the items in the right hand window, and drag and drop them to the folder you created on your desktop. If you get errors you'll have to open task manager (ctrl-alt-del) and manually kill the program... reopen the program and drag and drop the folders one at a time. When you find the problem folder create a subfolder in the xbox folder on your desktop with the same name as the problem folder, go into the problem folder and copy the folders/files in there one at a time. You may have to do this a few times, creating folders within folders. For me the problem file was a 0kb .db file within the compatibility folder under a few subfolders. I couldn't get the file to copy so I just created a blank text file and renamed it to the exact name of the file (it was st.db or something like that.) Once the copy starts going it will probably take awhile, depending on how much data you have... so take a break.
  11. Close Xplorer360 and run the Xplorer360 "extreme build 2" hack. Open the drive like you did in step 9 and choose the "backup partition 2" option to dump the second partition to a bin file (named part2.bin or something like that.) It should create a 262MB file.
  12. Shutdown the PC and disconnect the 20GB drive. By this time the 360 should be done formatting the drive, so turn it off and disconnect the 120GB drive. Hook it up to the PC and boot up to Windows.
    ----------------------------------------------------------

    Now for the "tricky" (and possibly unnecessary) parts. If you are using the "extreme build 2" hack of Xplorer 360 some or all of the steps in this section may not be required... I don't know for sure. I did the steps exactly as I'm going to show here and it worked for me.
  13. Open up Hex Workshop. Click "Options" and "Preferences." On the "Layout" tab in the "Rows" section uncheck the "Fit to Window" box and ensure the Bytes/Row is set to 16. This isn't necessary but it makes the next steps easier.
  14. Click "Disk" then "Open Drive", change the "Select" drop down to Physical Disks and locate your 120GB drive. Be sure you select the correct drive or this could potentially cause catastrophic problems.
  15. This is the potentially tricky part. You need to get to byte 80000 in hex, but Hex Workshop doesn't let you go to a specific byte offset on drives, only to a specific sector. Assuming the sector size of your drive is the same as mine, or 512 decimal bytes (which I can't think of any reason why it wouldn't be,) the sector you should have to goto is 400 (hex.) You do this by clicking "Edit" then "Goto", typing 400 in the "Offset" field and choosing "Beginning of Drive" in the "From Where" section. If the sector size is different for some reason, you'll have to do a little math to get to the right offset (here's my math, just to give you an idea... 0x80000 is 524288 in decimal. 524288/512 (the sector size) is 1024, 1024 is 400 in hex. You could probably do all the math in hex, but I'm not good at hex math so I convert to decimal.)
  16. You should see a bunch of columns numbered 0-F, and they should all have "00" in them. If they have anything else in them you are either working with the wrong drive or you are at the wrong offset, don't change anything! Otherwise change the columns as follows:

    58 54 41 46 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 10 00 00 00 01

    And save by clicking the disk icon or clicking "File" and "Save"
  17. Leaving Hex Workshop open, open up Winhex and either goto offset 80000 or do a search for the word "XTAF." Verify that starting at byte 80000 you see the string above (58 54 41 46, etc.) If you do see the string, go on to the next step. If you don't then you need to back to Hex Workshop and undo your changes, and then find the correct offset to make the changes to. If you are lucky enough to have a registered copy of Winhex or another hex editor that lets you goto a specific byte, you can simply navigate to byte offset 0x80000 and make the changes. The shareware version of Winhex does not allow you to save though.
  18. Within Hex Workshop open Xplorer360.exe (the beta 6 version, not the "extreme build 2" version.) I'm assuming that this change already exists in the "extreme build 2" version so you can probably skip this step, but I'm including it because I did this. Goto offset F0C2 (hex) where you will find the following values:

    68 77 03

    change them to:

    00 C2 1A

    Save the file. You will be prompted to make a backup, which is always a good idea.
    ----------------------------------------------------------

    The rest of these steps fall are most definitely "necessary".
  19. Load Xplorer360 beta 6 version (you can probably use the "extreme build 2" version, but I don't know for sure) and open the 120GB drive like you did with the 20GB drive in step 9. If the drive won't open or it opens but you can't access the partitions then something isn't right, go back and check your work.
  20. Expand Partition 03 and copy all of the data from the xbox folder you created on your desktop. This will take awhile depending on how much data you have, so take another break.
  21. Close Xplorer360 Beta 6 and open the "extreme build 2" version. Open the drive, then select "restore partition 2", select the 262mb bin file you made in step 11 (part2.bin.) Once it completes, your drive is ready!

Now, Shutdown your PC, pop the 120GB drive into your 360 enclosure. It's probably a good idea to only partially assemble it so you can test it. If you hook it up and your 360 boots up and looks like it did on your 20GB, you should be done!

You may want to check your XBL connection and ensure your XBLA games and other DLC works. You might also verify that your original XBox games still work, and check a game save or two just to make sure nothing is corrupted. Then turn off your 360, reassemble your drive, hook it back up, fire up your 360, and bask in the knowledge that you spent $70 and about an hour (of work time, not data-copying time) instead of $180 to upgrade your 360 from 20GB to 120GB.


#2 hobartrus

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Posted 31 August 2008 - 05:38 AM

I just discovered one other step that you have to do if you want to be able to download videos off XLB Marketplace, or watch videos you've already downloaded.... goto the System Blade, select the hard drive, goto system items, choose "rights database" and delete it.

If you don't you'll probably get a very annoying error about media usage rights and won't be able to watch or download DRM encrusted videos.

#3 flatbushkidus

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Posted 11 September 2008 - 12:27 AM

btw when u change the original 20gb hd with the WD 120gb BREV, did the console recognize it as 120gb or just 20 gb?
since your switching it to a 120gb instead of something smaller, im just wondering.

Edited by flatbushkidus, 11 September 2008 - 12:33 AM.


#4 thr4773r

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Posted 11 September 2008 - 12:55 AM

First off, Good Job on the Tut.
Its always good to have more info crammed down our throats then nothing at all.

My method was a bit different though. Didn't require as much winhex use. I've posted mine before, so I'm not going to get into that again, but I did have questions at the "Possibly Unnecessary steps" 13-18. What is going on there?

The changes in the hexadecimal code kinda made me ponder, but may have been taken care of on my side the different method I used.

Also, when trying to restore partition 2 to the newly formatted drive, I ran into problems where the program(xplorer360) just hung. I bypassed this by just restoring a whole 20GB image to the 120GB drive. The only issue with this is the freespace remaining following. I end up with an 107GB drive, but 13GB free space. A format takes care of that and shows the whole 120GB drive.

I'm thinking that there may need to be files copied over to the drive first so that you can simply restore the partition 2 without using an image of the whole 20GB drive. If you and others have had success with this, then there may be hope.

If you know what the reason for your steps, I'd be interested, and it would put just a little more info out there for us.

Thanks.

#5 hobartrus

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Posted 11 September 2008 - 05:14 PM

QUOTE(flatbushkidus @ Sep 10 2008, 06:03 PM)  

btw when u change the original 20gb hd with the WD 120gb BREV, did the console recognize it as 120gb or just 20 gb?
since your switching it to a 120gb instead of something smaller, im just wondering.


In order for the console to see it at all you have to flash the drive with an hddss.bin from an existing 360 drive. If you use one from a 20GB drive the console will only see 20GB (well, ~13GB.) If you use one from a 120GB drive the 360 will see the full 120GB (~107GB)

Once you've flashed the drive you have to format it on the 360, and then you can start copying your data.

#6 hobartrus

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Posted 11 September 2008 - 06:29 PM

QUOTE(thr4773r @ Sep 10 2008, 06:31 PM)  

First off, Good Job on the Tut.
Its always good to have more info crammed down our throats then nothing at all.

My method was a bit different though. Didn't require as much winhex use. I've posted mine before, so I'm not going to get into that again, but I did have questions at the "Possibly Unnecessary steps" 13-18. What is going on there?

The changes in the hexadecimal code kinda made me ponder, but may have been taken care of on my side the different method I used.

Also, when trying to restore partition 2 to the newly formatted drive, I ran into problems where the program(xplorer360) just hung. I bypassed this by just restoring a whole 20GB image to the 120GB drive. The only issue with this is the freespace remaining following. I end up with an 107GB drive, but 13GB free space. A format takes care of that and shows the whole 120GB drive.

I'm thinking that there may need to be files copied over to the drive first so that you can simply restore the partition 2 without using an image of the whole 20GB drive. If you and others have had success with this, then there may be hope.

If you know what the reason for your steps, I'd be interested, and it would put just a little more info out there for us.

Thanks.


Thanks for the encouragement... smile.gif

Since I was successful in upgrading my drive, I wanted to document all of the steps exactly as I did them... and I wanted to do it while it was still fresh in my mind. I realized as I was writing that some of the steps may have been superfluous thanks mainly to the hacked version of Xplorer360 'extreme build 2' that TheSpecialist put out.

You see there were some changes that were required, hex edits to both the drive and the original version of Xplorer360 Beta 6 to make them work together. When I was upgrading my drive I made these changes prior to downloading the 'extreme build 2' version.

The 'extreme build 2' version was apparently made specifically for working with the BEVS drive... so it's possible that by using that version none of the hex editing steps are neccesary. It's also possible that the only hex edits required are those done to the drive itself... but I don't know that for sure because I didn't do it that way. The only people who could answer that question would be those who have tried it, or TheSpecialist.

As for restoring partition 2, I had no problems with that. Using the 'extreme build 2' version I was able to create the image of partition 2 and restore the image without any lock ups or other issues. The only time I got lock ups was when I was copying the data off of my 20GB from partition 3 using the Xplorer360 Beta 6. The work around was to copy the data one folder at a time until I found the problem folder, and then I created the folder structure on my desktop and copied the files/subfolders one at a time until I found the problem file (which was st.db, I believe.) Fortunately the file was a 0kb file so I just created a blank text file and renamed.

#7 thesonandheir

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Posted 14 September 2008 - 01:31 AM

Thanks for the tut!


Now ready for the fall update, woo hoo!

#8 Jackel25

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Posted 14 September 2008 - 09:27 PM

Hi, Great Tutorial

I plan on buying an arcade 360 and use my old 20GB on it, then use this tutorial to make the 20 a 120. Just wondering if this is Xbox LIVE friendly?, from what I've read there has been no issue. Also I am a little confused on the 360 seeing the whole 120GB. Does this happen when you format the WD 120 on the 360? I only have a 20GB 360 Drive to flash.

#9 jerri blank

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Posted 22 September 2008 - 05:10 AM

I'm sorry if this is a n00b question, but the search function of the site doesn't work for me. Is it true that I can't work on the 360 drives by connecting them to my laptop's USB port with an SATA cable adapter? I have to actually connect them to the hard drive controller in a desktop computer, right?

Thanks for a great tutorial.

#10 speedle

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Posted 24 September 2008 - 12:31 PM

hi guys

just wanted to say a huge thankyou for this guide and all the effort you guys have put into developing these programs and guides to help the 360 community get one up on MS!

i purchased a wd1200-bevs usto 120gb, flashed it last night with the image after hex editing hddhackr (thanks specialist!) plonked it in my xbox formatted and awesomeness 107gb of storage! total cost 32!!!!

so again many thanks! legends! cool.gif

#11 pigboy306

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Posted 24 September 2008 - 09:28 PM

sad.gif Bad news.... I think I fried my drive... I have a broken 20gb hard drive so just wanted to fix it with a 120gb drive. Flashed OK...formatted ok did all the Hex steps OK put the drive back together... however now my xbox nor my pc spot the drive I guess it is cooked.

Anyhow that was probably my bad...

My question is , when i get a new drive, do I need to do all the steps just to put in a 120gb drive, the Xbox 'sees' the drive to format as I have nothing to copy can I just leave it there???

#12 speedle

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Posted 25 September 2008 - 03:59 PM

QUOTE(pigboy306 @ Sep 24 2008, 10:04 PM)  

sad.gif Bad news.... I think I fried my drive... I have a broken 20gb hard drive so just wanted to fix it with a 120gb drive. Flashed OK...formatted ok did all the Hex steps OK put the drive back together... however now my xbox nor my pc spot the drive I guess it is cooked.

Anyhow that was probably my bad...

My question is , when i get a new drive, do I need to do all the steps just to put in a 120gb drive, the Xbox 'sees' the drive to format as I have nothing to copy can I just leave it there???


sorry to here that chap.

the new drive will have to be flashed with the hddss.bin before loading it into the xbox. id recommend you do a quick format of it before flashing (this is what i did). once its in the xbox it should show as unformatted and you'll need to let the box format it to its own XFAT file system. once thats done it should be happy days!

re: your now broken 120gb drive, did hddhackr see it initially and now its not seeing it at all? have you tried using the undo option to restore the drive or is it not responding at all?

#13 SimplexPL

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Posted 27 September 2008 - 12:11 AM

This is an amazing tutorial, if only I read it sooner...

While attempting to install bevs I somehow messed up my original 20gb drive. The thread describing the problem is here: http://forums.xbox-s...howtopic=662197
All help extremely appreciated.

EDIT: looks like I'm not alone:
http://forums.xbox-s...p;#entry4349197

Edited by SimplexPL, 27 September 2008 - 12:31 AM.


#14 Spark

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Posted 28 September 2008 - 04:20 PM

Thanks for the great guide, none of the hexing is required anymore by the way, at least I didn't have to do any of it anyway.

#15 bbking67

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Posted 29 September 2008 - 01:12 AM

I followed this guide and successfully upgraded to a 22UST0 BEVS drive (120GB). I used a copy of HDDSS.BIN found on the usual public places. The BIN I flashed turned out to be from a Fujitsu drive (according to HDDHACKR), but everything seems okay.

One thing I did not do was the winhex/hex studio mods... i used the newer versio0n of xplorer360 so i was hoping this was unnecessary (the instructions for this part are a bit sketchy).

I have a small DRM issue on my xbox that I can't seem to figure out. I have a few games from the marketplace that were purchased. Now these still work fine with the gamertag they were bought under, but they no longer function for the other two xbox live accounts on the xbox. i deleted the drm database and I even tried the new drm transfer tool with no luck. Even free demo videos from the marketplace have suffered the same fate.

I am going to try re-downloading some of the content to see what happens, but I am on a very slow internet link (live in the country so i have to suffer with throttles fixed wireless).

Thanks for this thread! I just save over $100!








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